First aid is the help given to someone who is injured or ill to keep them safe and to cause no further harm. The role of a first aider is to give someone this help. Learn what to do.
Sometimes an injury is minor and a workplace first aider can manage this without further help. For example, injuries such as minor burns, cuts and bruises.
For more serious injuries, the first aider must reassure the the casualty while they are waiting for medical help to arrive, either by a doctor, a medical professional or going to hospital.
In an emergency, all first aiders should be able to:
1. Manage the incident and ensure the continuing safety of emergency first responders, bystanders and the casualty
2. Assess any casualties and discover the nature & cause of their injuries or illnesses
3. Arrange for further medical help or other emergency services to attend. Usually by making an emergency phone call
4. If trained, prioritise casualty treatment based upon medical need
5. Provide appropriate first aid treatment that they have been trained to do, and that is reasonable in the circumstances
6. Make notes and record observations of casualties, ideally monitoring Vital Signs, and SAMPLE information
7. Provide a handover when further medical help arrives
8. Fill out any paperwork as required following the incident
It is important to remember that accidents and illness can happen at any time. Provision for first aid needs to be available at all times when people are at work. These includes when driving or working away from site. The HSE expects that every vehicle, company or personal, used by someone whilst at work or for the purposes of the job role, contains a first aid kit.
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